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GLOBAL Telecommunications (texts topology) EXPLAINED!

messaging and texting is becoming a very easier and easier process nowadays as our typing speed has increased and delivering time is decreased.Speed entirely depends on us but ever wonder what actually happens to your typed message after you press a sent button. If not then its wonderful because today in this one we are going to discuss abut the same.
So lets get started.


Actually the full path of your message after you have of-course typed it and press the send button can be simplified into a simple process which include many entities with different tasks to perform.

well yes! that`s pretty much of the process and for the time being we would be continuing TO understand the same.

HP 1- Is considered to be the sender of the message or text.
HP 2-Is considered to be the receiver of the message or text of HP 1.

BASE TRANSCEIVER STATION or BTS - {also known as cell sites}They are towers which are currently present in hundreds in your city or even more and there is a reason for that. Actually the role of these towers is to collect the message from HP 1. Hence HP 1 may be present in a huge number so to service each and every subscriber there number has to a larger one.After the collecting the message or text it being send to BSC.


-  BSC key work is to control one or more     BTS. Their key function includes working with MSCs and    fulfilling their capacity requirements. BTS and MSC communicate with each other as data must be managed otherwise it will lead information overflow and MSC would not be able to work properly. BSC manages MSC activity requirements so that it can handle more critical and typical tasks such as traffic balancing and data management. 

-  MSC after turns the text or message into presentable form it sends it into SMSC

 SHORT MESSAGE SERVICE CENTER or SMSC- It can be further divided into-
 Home Location Register (HLR) and Visitor Location Register (VLR) basically it contains databases  which store all the information about the all the network subscribers particularly the senders in SLR  and receivers in VLR of the text message.If the sender and the receiver are correctly identified then  your message or text is identified as sent but if for some reason the message was unable to go then it  is temporarily stored in the SMSC for around 5-6 hours during this time period if the message was  able to go then it reaches the receiver and if not ten it actually flooded from the SMSC.

You can imagine yourself as a person who just posted a letter. Hence you are considered the sender the postbox near can be considered as the BTS and postmaster who comes to pick the letter up can be considered the BSC while the headmaster is considered to the SMSC as he sorts the sender and receiver and sometimes even stores the letter with him for sometime.

So that was all guys about the explanation of text topology, hope you liked it.
Questions, suggestions and comments are always welcomed in the comment box down below.
thanks for reading,
as always,