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### Cathode Ray Experiment

This experiment was conducted by J.J. Thomson (Sir Joseph John Thomson) in the year 1897. This experiment proved that atom is made up of fundamental particles which are much smaller than the smallest atom 'hydrogen' This experiment helped to discover electron. According to J.J. Thomson, the cathode rays consisted of very light, small and negatively charged particles. He named the particles "corpuscles" which were later known as electrons

### Important Mathematical Constants!

Important Mathematical Constants Mathematical constants are those numbers that are special and interesting because they come up in the various fields of mathematics like geometry, calculus etc. These mathematical constants are usually named after the person who discovered it and they are represented by a symbol that is usually picked up from the Greek alphabet. Mathematical constants are by definition very important. In this article we will take a look at certain mathematical constants that are more commonplace than others. 1.       π (pi) or Archimedes constant (~3.14159):   π is defined as the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. This is probably the most popular mathematical constant. So π is the circumference of the circle whose diameter is 1 unit. You might have seen it popping up when calculating the area of a circle (πr 2 ) or the circumference of a circle (2πr). It has many uses throughout mathematics from calculating the area of certain shap

### Permutation and Combination

Permutation and Combination Hey guys, I am back with one more interesting mathematics topic. And I am pretty sure that you guys would find it interesting too because many of you must have faced problems regarding these arrangements. Although if you were not able to solve them at that moment of time I am sure after completing this article you would solve the problem in minutes or even seconds. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE ?? Many people get confused between these two terms permutation and combination. They both have almost similar use but have a vast difference in their meaning. You may think that both of them mean arranging entities, then what is the difference ?? For making it easy we will take an example, lets say I have four friends : Arya, Bhavesh, Chirayu and Dhruv. So if I arrange them like Arya, Bhavesh, Chirayu and Dhruv or Dhruv, Chirayu, Bhavesh and Arya, it will make no difference in combinations but if you check them according to permutation they will be different. As

### Doppler Effect

Doppler Effect states that there is a change in the frequency of sound because of the relative motion between the observer or the listener and the source of the object. In simpler words when the source and the listener are in a relative motion there is a change in the frequency of sound and this effect of a change in frequency is known as the Doppler's Effect of sound. When the objects move apart the frequency decreases. When the objects move towards each other the frequency increases. The change in the frequency of the sound is given by the formula:

### Law of Conservation of Mass

Law of Conservation of Mass We use this law very often and it simply means that mass can neither be created nor destroyed.  The law of conservation was given by a French Chemist "Antoine Lavoisier". The law also says that, In a chemical reaction, the total mass of the products is equal to the total mas of reactants taking part in the reaction.  This law is used in balancing of equations. What is Mass ? It is the quantity of matter contained in an object. Unlike weight, it's value is contant for an object around the whole universe. You Might Also Like Matter   Cathode Ray Experiment Atomic Mass Anode Ray Experiment Isobars, Isotones and Isotopes Enjoy your high school with - High School Pedia :  www.highschoolpedia.com

### Levitation 2

LEVITATION II To be completely honest I was going to start this with a pun. I did think of one but it doesn’t float… I am sorry I just had to. Anyway, this is the second part to the article on super cool ways of making things levitate. Go check the first part out if you haven’t already. Actually, the first part may have become repulsive with all the magnets and stuff, but I promise this will be more attractive. Get it? No? I’ll stop now. I am just going to jump straight into it. 1.    Electrostatic Levitation I know you are probably sick and tired of magnets but they are the best way you know… This method is somewhat similar. You remember that cool science experiment you did with two straws attracting or repulsing each other based on their charge? So basically using the same principle we can make a charged object levitate. But before you try it, let me tell you it won’t be easy. Even impossible according to our Mr. Earnshaw. He even made a law (the law is