Skip to main content

Rutherford Alpha Ray Scattering Experiment

Rutherford Alpha Ray Scattering Experiment


Hey, Guys, most of you might have heard about the alpha ray scattering experiment and if you want to know in detail about Rutherford's model and the experiment he conducted, this is the right place for you... But first:


Things You Must Know

Some basic information that will help you understand rutherford experiment properly:
  • Proton is a sub-atomic particle which is positively charged and has a mass of 1u.
  • Alpha particles are helium atom with a charge of +2 as they have lost 2 electrons.
  • Alpha particles have an atomic mass of 4u.
  • Gold is highly malleable and can be beaten into very thin sheets.




Experiment

Rutherford conducted his experiment in the following way:
  • Rutherford took a very thin gold foil and bombarded it with high energy alpha particles.
  • He placed a layer of zinc sulphide on the walls where the experiment was taking place because when alpha particles strike zinc sulphide layer, it results in illumination. This helped to determine the path of the alpha particles.





Observations

After the conducting the experiment, Rutherford observed the following:
  1. Most of the alpha particles passed without any deflection.
  2. Some of the rays faced minor and major reflections.
  3. One out of 12000 rays retraced its path. 



Conclusion

Various conclusions were derived from this experiment.
  • Most of the space inside the atom is empty as most of the alpha rays passed through the foil without any deflection.
  • There is a dense and heavy particle at the centre of the atom known as the nucleus which is positively charged.
  • Most of the mass of an atom is concentrated in this nucleus.
  • Nucleus in an atom is like a small cricket ball kept at the centre of a large cricket field.
  • All protons of an atom lie in the nucleus.
  • The positive charge of the nucleus is due to the presence of protons.



Rutherford's Model

He proposed that atom consists 2 parts:
  1. Nuclear Part: Containing the nucleus which comprises of protons and electrons.
  2. Extra Nuclear Part: Contains electron revolving around the nucleus.




Drawbacks

  • Rutherford could not explain the stability of the atom.
  • Rutherford could not explain the line spectrum of energy.
  • If an atom revolves around the nucleus in a spiral path it will radiate energy and in 10^ -8 seconds, the electron will collide with the nucleus, destroying the atom, but this doesn't happen as matter exist.
That's it guys, hope you liked the content. If u liked the content please share and like and if u don't please leave a comment and for more content like this, subscribe to our newsletter.



You Might Also Like


Comments

  1. Great job for publishing such a nice article. Your article isn’t only useful but it is additionally really informative. Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. Primary School Tutors Adelaide

    ReplyDelete
  2. Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article. I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article.
    Data Science Course in Pune
    Data Science Training in Pune

    ReplyDelete
  3. After reading your article I was amazed. I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article.
    Ethical Hacking Course in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thumbs up guys your doing a really good job. It is the intent to provide valuable information and best practices, including an understanding of the regulatory process.
    Cyber Security Course in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  5. Very nice blog and articles. I am really very happy to visit your blog. Now I am found which I actually want. I check your blog everyday and try to learn something from your blog. Thank you and waiting for your new post.
    Cyber Security Training in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  6. Wow! Such an amazing and helpful post this is. I really really love it. I hope that you continue to do your work like this in the future also.
    Ethical Hacking Training in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  7. I am impressed by the information that you have on this blog. Thanks for Sharing
    Ethical Hacking in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  8. Really nice and interesting post. I was looking for this kind of information and enjoyed reading this one. Keep posting. Thanks for sharing.
    Data Science Training Institute in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  9. I am impressed by the information that you have on this blog. It shows how well you understand this subject.
    Best Data Science Courses In Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hello, I have browsed most of your posts. This post is probably where I got the most useful information for my research. Thanks for posting, we can see more on this. Are you aware of any other websites on this subject.
    Data Science Course in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  11. Actually I read it yesterday but I had some thoughts about it and today I wanted to read it again because it is very well written.
    Data Science Training in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  12. I have to search sites with relevant information ,This is a
    wonderful blog,These type of blog keeps the users interest in
    the website, i am impressed. thank you.
    pmp training in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  13. Once done, a request for proposal has to be posted. Ensure it is not a copy of old outdated software and it has to be used for initiating a discussion and receiving a list of interested consultants. Each of the consultants has their own way of working process and it is desirable to ask for demos and case studies so as to find out whether they match your expectations. Salesforce interview questions and answers

    ReplyDelete
  14. You can comment on the blog ordering system. You should discuss, it's splendid. Auditing your blog would increase the number of visitors. I was very happy to find this site. Thank you...
    Braces in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  15. i am glad to discover this page : i have to thank you for the time i spent on this especially great reading !! i really liked each part and also bookmarked you for new information on your site.
    best data science courses in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  16. With special privileges and services, UEFA BET offers opportunities for small capitalists. Together ufa with the best websites that collect the most games With a minimum deposit starting from just 100 baht, you are ready to enjoy the fun with a complete range of betting that is available within the website

    ufabet , our one another option We are a direct website, not through an agent, where customers can have great confidence without deception The best of online betting sites is that our Ufa will give you the best price

    ReplyDelete
  17. Online slots (Slot Online) is actually the introduction of a gambling machine. Slot machine As said before above Used to make electronic games referred to as web-based slots, due to the development era, people have turned to gamble with one another by computers. Will provide slot games to make internet gambling games Via the internet network process Which players are able to play through the slot program or will play Slots with the service provider's site Which internet slots games are obtainable in the form of participating in rules. It is similar to playing on a slot machine. Both practical images and sounds are at the same time thrilling as they go to lounge in the casino ever.บาคาร่า
    ufa
    ufabet
    แทงบอล
    แทงบอล
    แทงบอล

    ReplyDelete
  18. This blog has the relevant data according to the topic and precise to the topic.
    Data Science Course in Chennai
    Data Science Course in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  19. I am definitely enjoying your website. You definitely have some great insight and great stories.
    Buy Assignment Online Uk

    ReplyDelete
  20. ได้โดยที่จะทำให้คุณนั้นสามารถสร้างกำไรจากการเล่นเกมส์เดิมพันออนไลน์ได้เราแนะนำเกมส์ชนิดนี้ให้คุณได้รู้จักก็เพราะว่าเชื่อว่าทุกคนนั้นจะต้องรู้วิธีการเล่นและวิธีการเอาชนะเกมม สล็อต าแทบทุกคนเพราะเราเคยเล่นกันมาตั้งแต่เด็กเด็กหาคุณได้เล่นเกมส์คาสิโนออนไลน์ที่คุณนั้นคุ้นเคยหรือจะเป็นสิ่งที่จะทำให้คุณสามารถที่จะได้กำไรจากการเล่นเกมได้มากกว่าที่คุณไปเล่นเกมส์คาสิโนออนไลน์ที่คุณนั้นไม่เคยเล่นมาก่อนและไม่คุ้นเคย เราจึงคิดว่าเกมส์ชนิดนี้เป็นเกมส์ที่น่าสนใจมากๆที่เราอยากจะมาแนะนำให้ทุกคนได้รู้จักและได้ใช้บริการ

    ReplyDelete
  21. Excellent article and with lots of information. I really learned a lot here. Do share more like this.
    IELTS Coaching centre in Chennai
    IELTS Certification course
    IELTS Training in Coimbatore

    ReplyDelete
  22. I enjoyed the coursework, the presentations, the classmates and the teachers. And because my company reimbursed 100% of the tuition, the only cost I had to pay on my own was for books and supplies. Otherwise, I received a free master's degree. All I had to invest was my time.
    Digital Marketing Course in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete

  23. This is one of the most important pieces of information for me. And I'm happy to say that reading your essay is a pleasure.

    digital marketing training in hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  24. Thanks for taking your valuable time to share this awesome article with us. This is really informative. Looking forward to learn more from you.
    How does Selenium Work
    How Selenium Works

    ReplyDelete
  25. You've created an excellent post High school tutors near me. Your essay gave me some unique and useful information. Thank you for bringing this article to our attention.

    ReplyDelete
  26. A very delightful article that you have shared here.Tagore School in Jaipur Your blog is a valuable and engaging article for us, and also I will share it with my companions who need this info. Thankful to you for sharing an article like this.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular Posts

Top 5 Best PC Games

Hi, this is highschoolpedia, and today we are going to show you our list of top 5 PC games that you must play. So let's get started... 1) FIFA 17 FIFA 17 is the latest  football video game in the FIFA series. It released on 27 September 2016 in North America and globally. FIFA 17 will be the first FIFA game in the series to use the Frostbite game engine. It is the first FIFA game to have a story mode. It is available in 2 versions.

Top 5 Upcoming Cars In 2017

Hi guys!!!!! So in this post, we will talk about the upcoming cars of 2017... New Maruti Swift The new gen Swift will also debut in our market next year. This car will be bigger in size and available with a powerful set of engines. The Swift Sport with the 1.6L engine could also be on offer keeping the changing trend of the market in India.

Animal and Plant Cells

 Cells Cells are the basic functional, biological and structural unit of life. The word cell is a Latin word meaning ‘small room’. Cells are also known as building blocks of life.  The branch of science that deals with the form, structure, and composition of a cell is known as Cytology. All organisms around us are made up of cells. Bacteria, ameba, paramecium, algae, fungi, plants and animals are made up of cells.  Cells together form tissues. And tissue together makes an organ. History Of Cell The cell was discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665. He assembled a simple microscope and observed a very thin slice of cork under his primitive microscope. The cork was obtained from the outer covering of a tree called bark. Robert Hooke observed many little-partitioned boxes or compartments in the cork slice. These boxes appeared like a honey-comb. He termed these boxes as the cell. He also noticed that one box was separated from another by a wall. What Ho

Isotopes, Isobars and Isotones

Isotopes These are elements which have the same atomic number but different atomic mass . They have the same atomic number because the number of protons that are inside their nuclei remains the same. But, they have different atomic mass because the number of neutrons that are also inside their nuclei is different. As the number of protons inside nuclei remains same, therefore the overall charge of the elements also remains same as in isotopes: no of protons = no of electrons . Hence, as isotopes overall charge remains neutral, therefore their chemical properties will also remain identical.   Therefore, Isotopes are chemically same but physically different.

Cathode Ray Experiment

This experiment was conducted by J.J. Thomson (Sir Joseph John Thomson) in the year 1897. This experiment proved that atom is made up of fundamental particles which are much smaller than the smallest atom 'hydrogen' This experiment helped to discover electron. According to J.J. Thomson, the cathode rays consisted of very light, small and negatively charged particles. He named the particles "corpuscles" which were later known as electrons

Top 5 Highest Paid Actors in The World

Wanna know who are the top 5 highest paid actors in the world? You have come to the right place !! 1) LEONARDO DICAPRIO  ( $77 MILLION / MOVIE)